muharram 2023

Muharram : History and Significance of Islamic New Year 

Muharram is considered one of the most prominent times in Islam and signifies the beginning of the Islamic New Year. Upon the basis of the Lunar Hijri Calendar Muharram is considered as the first month as per Islamic Year and known to be a holy month. It is celebrated after sighting the full moon on the final day of the Islamic year. 

Why is Muharram Celebrated?

Ashura, the 10th day of Muharram is considered an important day for Muslims. This has been marked as such an important day when Nuh (Noah) left the Ark and the day when Prophet Musa (Moses) was saved by God. From the Egyptian Pharaoh while crossing the Red Sea with his people. Sunni and Shia Muslims celebrate it in multiple sorts of celebration. For many Sunni Muslims, the month marks the beginning of the Islamic New Year and is a symbol of peace and reflection.

Its Importance among Muslims

For Shia Muslims, this month represents a solemn, contemplative day in the history of Islam. For Shias, it signifies the death of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad. After putting questions on the legitimacy of Caliph Yazid. Husayn was killed during the Battle of Karbala, which took place on the day of Ashura in 680 CE. Because of the brutality during the fighting and the killing of the Prophet’s grandson. There is a month which is considered as a time when fighting is forbidden. There are many Shiites who mourn and remember the bravery of the Prophet’s family.

muharram 2023 date in india

How is Muharram Celebrated?

Many Muslims choose to fast on the day of Ashura as well as other days in the month of Muharram to show gratitude. Shia Muslims also participate in mourning rituals. Some gather in mosques to mourn Husayn’s death and remember the importance of what the Prophet’s family did for justice, while others perform public rituals that include chest-beating, self-flagellating with chains, and beheading.

Whether Muslims are celebrating the start of the Islamic New Year or mourning the loss of lives, it is an important and holy month for all. Many Muslims fast, offer extra prayers, and spend more time in the mosque. Muharram, with all its complexities, will always be a month of deep reflection for Muslims around the world.

History & Significance

Among all the days, Ashura day is considered the most important by Shia and Sunni Muslims. Shia Muslims observe it as a day of mourning in memory of the death of Husayn ibn Ali who was the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad. As per the legends theories, Imam Hussain once objected to the legitimacy of Caliph Yazid and rebelled against him. This lead to the Battle of Karbala on the day of Ashura in 680 AD. The revolutionary leader was beheaded and his family imprisoned. Sunni Muslims believe that the religious leader Moses led Israel through the Red Sea. Then they conquered the Egyptian pharaoh and his army of war chariots on the 10th day of Muharram. There is another belief in the creation of Adam and Eve that they were created by God on Ashura day.

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